Snippets code from my daily experience

October 27, 2008

Simplify Mozilla profiles usage

Filed under: bash,cygwin,firefox,flock,komodo,mozilla,openkomodo,songbird — dafi @ 3:00 pm

I use many applications written using Mozilla technologies, these applications support the so called profiles allowing users to run multiple instances of same application but using different “configuration” environments.

As developer I use profiles to test extensions without compromise the integrity of my main env.

Running multiple profiles is described in million of places so I don’t annoy you but I describe my own solution based on a bash script that hides details.

Creating bash scripts to run separated application profiles requires only a bit of shell programming experience but it is a repetitive task and can be boring when you need to run different version for example firefox 2 and firefox 3, you manually must write the same script modifing only the application path.

My approach allow to configure applications to run in a single file and then create automatically the necessary scripts.

Suppose you want to run a new songbird profile, using my script you can write:

dave@dafihome:~$ sb

The sb script creates a new separated profile on a configured directory with a default name, but suppose you need a second (third and so on) songbird profile you can pass your preferred name

dave@dafihome:~$ sb testVSW

Now you need to test also Firefox 2.x and Firefox 3.x profiles, simply write

dave@dafihome:~$ ff20 testVSW
dave@dafihome:~$ ff30 testVSW

So you have three separated profiles with same name testVSW, how they don’t clash? The real name created by script uses the application prefix so the directories names are

  • sbtestVSW
  • ff20testVSW
  • ff30testVSW

Do you need Komodo 4.4.x and 5.x profiles? Again

dave@dafihome:~$ ko4
dave@dafihome:~$ ko5 italian-locale

Configuring applications

The names sb, ff20, ff30, ko4 and ko5 are configured in ‘~/.moz_profilerc’

The file format is very similar to fstab and contains three columns describing applications.

The first column contains the type of application.

At this time it can be set to mozapp or komodo, this is necessary because mozilla apps uses MOZ_NO_REMOTE env variable to run separated profiles instead komodo uses KOMODO_USERDATADIR.

The second column is the script name user runs from command line (and is also the prefix added to profile directory names)

The third column contains the application absolute path

Below is shown my configuration

mozapp     ff30          /opt/devel/mozilla/ff30/firefox
mozapp     ff30en        /opt/devel/mozilla/ff30en/firefox
# ff20 refers to installed firefox
mozapp     ff20          /usr/bin/firefox
mozapp     flock         /opt/devel/mozilla/flock/flock

mozapp     komp          /opt/devel/mozilla/kompozer/kompozer
mozapp     sb            /opt/devel/mozilla/Songbird/songbird
mozapp     mccoy         /opt/devel/mozilla/mccoy/mccoy
komodo     ko5           /opt/devel/mozilla/ko5/bin/komodo
komodo     ko4           /opt/devel/mozilla/Komodo-Edit-4/bin/komodo

Profile destination directories

I group profiles by extension, for example inside ViewSourceWith source directory I have a ‘profile’ subdirectory where all profiles are written, this is specified in ‘~/.moz_profilerc’

# Directory where profiles will be created, inside profile present on current directory
profileDir      $PWD/profile

# If true create profileDir silently, otherwise generate error
profileDirCreateSilently    false

It is possible to write all profiles inside a specific directory setting profileDir

profileDir      /devel/mozapp/profiles

Scripts destination directories

The scripts sb, ff20, ff30, ko4, ko5 are symbolic links, they are generally created inside a directory present on $PATH env variable.

I prefer to add them inside /usr/local/bin (this should require to be root)

# Directory where links will be created, generally resides in env PATH
linkDestDir     /usr/local/bin

The script

All operations are done using the script that allows to edit configuration file and create applications scripts.

Editing configuration (it opens the editor set on $VISUAL or $EDITOR env)

dave@dafihome:~$ -e

Creating scripts

dave@dafihome:~$ -c

This script greatly simplifies switching from profiles, obviously occupied disk space grows but after a profile is no more needed you can delete it without risks

The script, that works also on Cygwin, is present on SVN repo at


June 16, 2007

The launched commands top ten

Filed under: cygwin,unix — dafi @ 7:57 am

topyli shows a bash command line to list the launched commands top ten

A very simple command line

history | awk '{print $2}' | awk 'BEGIN {FS="|"} {print $1}'|sort|uniq -c | sort -rn | head -10

June 9, 2007

Cygwin managed mount points and bad filenames… when UGLY == %55%47%4C%59

Filed under: cygwin — dafi @ 5:10 pm

I love cygwin, I can’t live without it but not all features are so cool.

Recently I’ve used cygwin managed mount points, a cool feature that allows you to create symbolic links in Microsoft Windows. So if you write

mount -f -s -b -o managed "c:/prj/src/java" /srcjava

you can use /srcjava to access to mounted directory, e.g. ls /srcjava

But if you create files containing uppercase letters in names they are shown in strange manner.

For example the file UGLY is shown as %55%47%4C%59 (percent sign followed by decimal ASCII value for every character).

This behaviour is ugly for me and so I’ve dropped all managed mountpoints!

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